Disaster Management: History of BNPB

The history of The National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) of Republic Indonesia was related to the development of disaster management activity since Indonesia’s Independence Movement in 1945 to the mega-earthquake that struck Indian Ocean in the twentieth century.

Indonesia as the largest archipelago country in the world has 17.508 islands. This country has many kinds of natural resources, but it is also part of a ring of fire zone. As consequences, there are 129 active volcanoes that spread all over the nation and threatening the inhabitants.

Beside the threat from the volcanoes, Indonesia, is located in the cross section between three active tectonic plates: Indo-Australia, Eurasia, and Pasific. Therefore, this country suffers from geological disaster such as: earthquake and tsunami.

Geological disaster is not the only type of disaster that hit Indonesia. Due to its location in the tropical zone, the country also has to be faced with hydro-meteorological disaster such as: strong wind, flood, landslide, and drought.

Both geological and hydro-meteorological disaster is caused by the power of nature. In addition, Indonesia also has non natural or man made disaster. For instance, this type of disaster are forest fire, social conflict, and technological failure.

In order to face those kinds of disaster, Indonesia government established disaster management system. An institution that manage with the disaster is inevitable. The process of development the disaster institution in Indonesia is shown in the diagram below.

The Timeline

HistoryOfBNPB Source: www.bnpb.go.id

Disaster Management: InAWARE for Optimising the Disaster Data

Jakarta, (27/10) Pasific Disaster Center (PDC) and BNPB conducted Train the Trainer for Indonesia All-hazards Warning and Risk Evaluation (InAWARE). The training purpose was to improve the personal ability of BNPB staff in gathering disaster data. This activity taught the participants to deliver early warning in disaster management through improving the access of information from several sources nationally and internationally. Those sources were integrated in order to send the disaster information for the disaster prone community.

InAWARE system provided facility for monitoring and evaluating the risk. InAWARE system actually is the modifying version of previous Disaster Aware which build by PDC, the platform that integrating a number of global data for disaster monitoring.

“InAWARE system will increase the ability of personnel to search and collecting the disaster data in the prone area.” John Livengood, one of the instructors explained. “This system has continued developing in order to make it easier to use and the data will more complete. In addition, InAWARE assists the disaster management institution to access automatically the disastrous events in national, regional, and international region. Furthermore, the system supports data sharing among the disaster management activists and dissemination the disaster information for the risk society.

The source for this article is from BNPB Website

Disaster Management: Achievement in the Merapi Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Phase

Jakarta – It has been four years since the eruption of Mount Merapi. An affected community experience significant improvement in rehabilitation and reconstruction process. One of the key successes in the process was the establishment of the joint program among the UN organisations such as: UNDP, FAO, and NGO like IOM. This program was under supervised and coordinated of the BNPB as part of the after disaster action plan for rehabilitation and reconstruction which had been established since July 2011. Exposing the result to communities, UNDP, BNPB and other UN bodies conducted ‘Program Exposes’ on Thursday (23/10) at Jakarta.

This program was held in two phases, the first phase started in February 1, 2012 until May, 2013, while the second phase was between February 2, 2013 and September, 2014. The output of the program covered three aspects. Firstly, the program considered about the livelihood recovery sustainability and supporting the increased of income by involving value chain analysis for the selected commodity. Secondly, the activity urged the capacity building for local government to organise and coordinate the recovery process that based on disaster risk reduction and also encouraged the participation all stakeholder. Lastly, there was a strengthening in resilience and coordination among the affected community and related stakeholder.

Several achievements have been touching the affected community. Beyond the capacity development of the local government, affected community gained the experience to increase their welfare after the eruption. Those were included communal cage for the cow, the certification for snake fruit for export purpose, village information system, etc. The rehabilitation and reconstruction program based on disaster risk reduction and build back better principle.

In his remarks, The Director of Recovery and Social Economic Improvement of BNPB, Siswanto Budi Prasodjo, said thank you for the UN agencies and other donors for supporting and the significant achievement for rehabilitation and reconstruction program after the eruption four years ago. Siswanto, as coordinator of DR4, UNDP, said that the program accomplishments had been increasing livelihood and sovereignty of the affected people.

Source from BNPB Website